Dyslexia is known as a reading disorder, which is characterized by trouble with reading despite ordinary intelligence. Different people are affected to varying degrees. Problems may include difficulties in spelling, reading, writing, pronouncing and understanding what someone reads. Despite the many challenges they face, many people who have suffered from dyslexia have grown to become amazing figures through history.
Dyslexic people experience many symptoms that include trouble with reading, writing, spelling, poor handwriting, remembering numbers, and a problem with understanding a sequence of directions and telling from left to right. The symptoms aren’t apparent so you can only tell that your child has dyslexia when they have reached a certain age which is 8 or 9 years old. This disorder can only be treated using specific educational approaches and techniques. Researchers have found that the primary cause of dyslexia is genetics. Children have a 50% chance of having dyslexia if one parent has it and a 100% chance if both parents have it. Surprisingly, 1 in 5 people suffer from dyslexia. Although, dyslexic people go through many struggles, they do have many gifts. They often enjoy and excel at solving puzzles, have excellent comprehension of the stories read or told to them, have a better sense of spatial relationships and better use of their right brain, have excellent thinking skills in the areas of conceptualization, imagination, and abstraction, and have a high ability to see concepts with a “big picture” perspective.
The first type of dyslexia is Trauma Dyslexia, which usually occurs following some form of brain trauma or injury to the area of the brain that controls reading and writing. The second type of dyslexia is Primary Dyslexia, where there the left side of the brain is dysfunctional and does not develop with age. The final type of dyslexia is Secondary or Developmental Dyslexia, caused by deficiencies in hormonal development or malnutrition during the early stages of fetal development. Visual dyslexia is the result of the immature development of not only the eyes, but the whole process that transports information from the eyes to the brain.
In conclusion, Dyslexia is merely a reading disorder that has many types including Visual, Trauma, Primary Dyslexia and so many others. Its treatment requires long educational practices. Although it is very difficult, people with dyslexia are extremely intelligent and a lot of them marked their names through history.